ENDANGERED SPECIES IN SPAIN

ENDANGERED SPECIES IN SPAIN

There is no doubt that Spain stands out as a country compared to many others throughout Europe. It has an immense tourist potential, a vast culture and a solid economy. However, just as it stands out for good things, it currently stands out for bad things as well. One of the most alarming: the immense number of animal species in danger of extinction.

According to data collected by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the number of species at risk is increasing. And what is worse, the abandonment of biodiversity conservation policies is only aggravating the problem at an alarming rate.

 

THE EUROPEAN RED LIST

If you have ever been involved in the world of environmental activism, this name surely rings a bell. The European Red List is a kind of catalog where all the species in imminent danger of extinction are listed, with their respective degree of threat video porno.

According to its 2019 update, one of the areas with the highest proportion of endangered species is the Mediterranean Region, with Spain in the lead and followed by Portugal and Greece. The difference is immense when compared to the rest of European biodiversity.

More than 40,000 species are currently endangered. If we take it to percentages, this represents 28% of the entire sample studied. Until now, the largest percentage belongs to amphibians (40%), followed by mammals (26%), conifers (34%) and birds (13%).

In more specific categories, sharks and rays reveal alarming figures: 37% of the species in danger of extinction.

 

SOME EXAMPLES

THE EUROPEAN RED LIST

Let’s stop talking about numbers. Many times, in these cases, the numbers make reality look colder and take us away from the true meaning of things. These are some of the numerous species that are in danger of extinction in Spain.

 

IBERIAN LYNX

At sight, it stands out among other wild cats for its particular ears with pointed hair and the sideburns that adorn its cheeks. If you go into the northern hemisphere of the country, you may find it in the wild and sparsely inhabited environments.

It is even ironic because, currently in Spain, you can find 4 species of lynx. Three of them have good numbers and are in good health. However, when we talk about the Iberian lynx, everything changes. Not only is it among the most endangered in Spain. But also the whole world.

According to recent calculations, it is believed that there are only 404 species of this feline left. Their survival is affected by two key factors: the deterioration of their habitat and their food base (wild rabbits).

 

GRIZZLY

We know them. We have seen them in hundreds of movies. However, this beautiful creature is slowly and steadily approaching extinction. It is estimated that, in all of Spain, there are only approximately 332 brown bears left.

They are mostly found in Western Europe, in areas where there is less human presence. More precisely, in the Cantabrian Mountains and the Pyrenees.

Being currently its population so small, its recovery is almost impossible, due to the little genetic variety. Illegal hunting and the violation of their natural habitat has a lot to do with this matter.

 

EUROPEAN MINK

A little less common than the other two, but just as important, is this beautiful marine mammal. It lives in very small populations far from civilization between Spain and the Ural Mountains.

It is registered as one of the “Critically Endangered” species in all of Europe, as there are only 500 living specimens left on the entire continent. The reason? Its fur is the object of desire of many hunters.

 

 

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Biodiversity Program

A shared goal
As the Canadian pulp and paper industry moves toward achieving sustainable forest management, it recognizes that maintaining biodiversity is an essential part of that process. While biodiversity is a relatively new field of study, Canadian forest companies have, over the past several years, undertaken a wide range of projects to better understand the ecology of species and apply their findings in management plans. CPPA’s Biodiversity Program was created to serve as a central liaison point for building awareness and for sharing the initiatives being taken to maintain the richness of our forests and waters.
Through its network of participating companies, CPPA’s Biodiversity Program enables our members to share their experience and expertise as they integrate biodiversity conservation into their sustainable forest management strategy. At the same time, the program serves as a primary communications link to a growing network of partners equally working to achieve this crucial environmental goal. The Program is also instrumental in coordinating the forest industry’s participation in local, national and international biodiversity initiatives.

Partnership
The Canadian pulp and paper industry is joining forces with a network of partners committed to the responsible stewardship of forest lands, sharing information and contributing to common projects. For example, CPPA with Wildlife Habitat Canada are developing a Forest Stewardship Recognition Award program aimed at stimulating biodiversity conservation initiatives by all forest users.
CPPA’s Biodiversity Program acts as industry liaison with groups such as the Canadian Forestry Association for their Loggers for Wildlife workshops. In partnership with the Canadian Forest Service and the Biodiversity Convention Office, CPPA’s Biodiversity Program has led a project to determine the national status and trends of twenty keystone forest species. The program is also a member of Partners in Flight.

Communication
In addition to keeping its member companies informed and connected, CPPA’s Biodiversity Program seeks to raise awareness and interest with the public. We invite our visitors to browse through our Internet database where we have compiled the key information on our member companies’ biodiversity initiatives. If there is some additional information you would like, please feel free to contact us through our online form.
For our member companies and our partners, CPPA’s Biodiversity Program offers a range of communication opportunities, including seminars, workshops and dedicated publications to keep up to date on news and developments. The Biodiversity Challenge provides a concise overview of forest biodiversity issues in Canada, and The Bioforester, is a biennial newsletter on recent events. Both are available to the public.

As the biodiversity network grows, CPPA’s Biodiversity Program will continue to provide timely information and work to expand the industry’s contribution.

Moving Forward Together
Through CPPA’s Biodiversity Program, the industry coordinates its participation at the regional, national and international level. In Canada, it was involved in the development of the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy and contributes to the Canadian Biodiversity Forum. It also coordinates the industry’s response to regulatory initiatives such as the Canadian Endangered Species Act and the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act. Internationally, the industry actively participated in the elaboration of Canada’s position for the negotiation of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
CPPA’s Biodiversity Program is closely following meetings of the Conferences of the Parties and of its Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice as well of those of the Inter-governmental Forum on Forests. Under the auspices of CPPA’s Biodiversity Program, the industry of is currently preparing its response to the Convention on Biological Diversity.